What is Methyl Orsellinate?
In the realm of organic chemistry, natural compounds have always been a source of inspiration for researchers and pharmaceutical scientists. One such intriguing natural compound is Methyl Orsellinate. While not a household name, Methyl Orsellinate plays a pivotal role in the world of fungi, contributing to the fascinating world of natural products and their potential benefits. In this blog, we will delve into the details of Methyl Orsellinate, its origins, properties, and potential applications.
What is Methyl Orsellinate?
This compound is a naturally occurring compound found in various species of fungi, lichens, and mosses. It belongs to the chemical class of orsellinic acid derivatives. Chemically, it can be represented as C9H8O4. While it may appear as a complex molecular structure, its role and significance in the natural world are anything but obscure.
Methyl orsellinate is also known as:
- Benzoic acid, 2,4-dihydroxy-6-methyl-, methyl ester
- Methyl 2,4-dihydroxy-6-methylbenzoate
- Orsellinic acid monomethyl ester
- Methyl 3-methylorsellinate
the following properties:
- Chemical formula: C9H10O4
- Molecular weight: 182.17
- Index of refraction: 1.578
- Molar refractivity: 46.6±0.3 cm3
Methyl orsellinate has been isolated from:
- Chloroform extracts of Stereocaulon alpinum
- An extract from the lichen Peltigera leucophlebia
Origins and Properties
- Natural Occurrence: This compound is produced by various fungi, particularly those belonging to the order of Xylariales. These fungi are found in diverse ecosystems, from tropical rainforests to temperate woodlands.
- Appearance: In its pure form, Methyl Orsellinate presents itself as a white to pale yellow crystalline solid.
- Chemical Structure: CAS 3187-58-4 possesses a unique chemical structure characterized by a phenolic ring with ester functionalities. This structure is a key factor in its potential biological activities.
- Solubility: Benzoic acid exhibits limited solubility in water but is more soluble in organic solvents like ethanol, methanol, and acetone.
Methyl Orsellinate has garnered attention for its potential biological activities and applications:
- Antioxidant Properties: Compounds like Methyl Orsellinate found in fungi and lichens have demonstrated antioxidant properties. These antioxidants play a crucial role in protecting the organisms from oxidative stress and damage.
- Pharmaceutical Potential: Researchers have explored Methyl Orsellinate and its derivatives for potential pharmaceutical applications. Studies have suggested that it may have antimicrobial and anticancer properties, although more research is needed to establish its therapeutic value.
- Ecological Role: In nature, Benzoic acid may function as a chemical defense mechanism for fungi and lichens, protecting them from predation and environmental stressors.
Methyl Orsellinate is a fascinating compound that highlights the interconnectedness of chemistry, biology, and ecology. While its full potential and applications are still being explored, its presence in the natural world showcases the complexity and richness of nature’s chemistry. As researchers continue to investigate its properties and potential benefits,Benzoic acid reminds us that the hidden treasures of the natural world can hold the key to a wide range of applications in medicine, ecology, and beyond.
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